Vietnam Economic Forum 2022 identifies challenges and solutions for growth

December 17, 2022 | 15:00
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The 5th Vietnam Economic Forum, one of the most prestigious and large-scale annual forums in the country, attracted the participation of many domestic and international delegates this month.
On December 17, the Central Committee’s Economic Commission in coordination with the government, co-organised the 5th Vietnam Economic Forum. With the theme “Vietnam Economy in 2023: Stabilising Macroeconomy, Ensuring Major Balances, Steadily Overcoming Challenges,” the forum included many in-depth discussion sessions and presentations on ensuring major economic balances, proposing suitable policies in the coming years.

The forum saw the active participation of leaders of central and local departments, ministries, branches, multilateral international organisations, embassies, businesses, associations, universities, research institutes, and experts from both home and abroad.

There were four conference sessions co-hosted by leaders of ministries, departments, and branches in the morning, with several important issues on the table, including themes such as “Creating development space and new drivers of economic growth,” “Towards a healthy financial and real estate markets for sustainable economic development in and beyond 2023", and “Developing a sustainable labour market, ensuring social security in socio-economic development."

In the afternoon, Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh and chairman of the Central Economic Commission Tran Tuan Anh co-chaired a plenary session.

Vietnam Economic Forum 2022 identifies challenges and solutions for growth
The forum kicks off

Speaking at the plenary session of the forum, Tran Tuan Anh said that in 2022, Vietnam had achieved many positive results in socioeconomic development, with GDP growth expected to reach 8-8.2 per cent.

“However, we are facing 2023 with many difficulties and challenges as the regional and international context will continue to be complicated and unpredictable. Many concerns are mentioned, such as weakening demand of some major partners affecting domestic orders, low disbursement of public investment capital, unpredictable fluctuations in exchange rates and interest rates, the tension between a number of countries and regions in the world, tightening monetary policy, and so on,” he said

He cited manufacturing purchasing managers index (PMI) dipped to 47.4 in November from 50.6 in October. A score below 50 signals contraction.

Tuan Anh said that the forum is held on the threshold of 2023, marking the third year Vietnam has implemented the Resolution of the 13th National Party Congress, the 10-year socio-economic development strategy 2021-2030, and the 5-year socio-economic development plan 2021-2025.

He also emphasised that the forum needed to focus on the Vietnamese economy's core issues that are both urgent and strategic for the long term. The delegate opinions shared at the forum will be considered to develop policies for Vietnam's economic development in the coming years.

Andrew Jeffries, country director of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Vietnam, spoke at the forum. “Vietnam needs to strike a dedicated balance among curbing inflation and maintaining economic growth, and also ensuring the financial sector's stability,” he said.

He emphasised that maintaining price stability should be the primary focus of monetary policy, strengthening the coordination of fiscal and monetary policies more synchronously and effectively, the public investment included should be implemented as planned, with efforts made to accelerate its disbursement.

He said there were no fundamental systematic concerns about the financial system's safety and soundness. However, concerns about the corporate bond market's liquidity and tweaking investors' confidence still existed. So, to minimise risks to stability, it is critical that the government continues to move forward with reforms such as promoting public credit ratings, developing corporate bond funds and pension funds, and tightening the requirements to be qualified as a professional investor.

"We believe that with sound economic fundamentals and strong leadership, Viet Nam will be able to brace the headwinds in 2023. Viet Nam's economic prospects for the medium and long term remain very positive, and we note that continued strong interest in Viet Nam as an FDI destination is a long-term vote of confidence. As a development partner, ADB stands ready to support Viet Nam as required," said Jeffries.

Vietnam Economic Forum 2022 identifies challenges and solutions for growth
Attendees at forum

According to forecasts, by the end of this year, Vietnam's economic growth is expected to reach about 8 per cent, marking one of the highest growth rates in the region. A total of 14 out of 15 socioeconomic development targets are expected to be completed or even exceeded this year.

However, in the context of a complicated changing situation in the global economy, production and business activities in Vietnam are expected to face many challenges.

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By Ha Thanh

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