|A part of the Nam Trung Yen urban area in Hanoi. Several apartments in the area remain unoccupied despite having been built a decade ago.-VNA/VNS Photo Tuan Anh
Meanwhile there is no shortage of resettlement houses, with thousands of homes abandoned, causing waste to the Stage budget.
According to the latest report of the Hanoi Housing Development and Management Company, it has 166 resettlement buildings with a total of 14,211 apartments.
Of which 13,111 were already paid for by homeowners, with the remaining 1,100 uninhabited.
Some resettlement buildings have been left empty for more than ten years in Long Bien District’s Sai Dong Ward, surrounded by fields of grass and garbage. The complex’s facilities, including electronic cabinets and hygienic equipment, have degraded due to unuse and lack of maintenance.
Three buildings in Bac Tu Liem District have been staying vacant since they were completed in 2014.
Similarly, the 20-floor apartment block in Hai Ba Trung District’s Ta Quang Buu Street is still uninhabited although it was built more than ten years ago.
Nguyen Dac Thao, deputy head Urban Management Office under the Hanoi Construction Department, told Hanoi Moi (New Hanoi) newspaper that many households are not interested in resettlement apartments due to low quality and poor management.
Hoang The Anh, a resident living in Nam Trung Yen urban area, complained to Thoi bao Kinh Doanh (Business Times) newspaper about the low quality of the apartments, with cracks and peeled mortars covering the walls on the inside while moss grows rampant outside the house.
“In my apartment, the toilet breaks twice a week and fire safety equipment fails to meet standards,” Anh said.
Degradation and poor quality is the leading reason contributing to the vacancies in settlement houses, according to lawyer Trương Thanh Duc from Banking-Securities-Investment Law Co., Ltd.
Inconvenient locations of the housing and lack of accompanying social infrastructure such as hospitals or schools also reduce the attractiveness of the settlement houses, he said.
“Many do not want to move because their designated apartments are located on high floors, preventing them from easily running businesses like setting up shops.”
In addition, many house traders just buy resettlement houses at low prices only to flip them later to earn profits.
“The first beneficiary must be people in need of resettlement when we renovate the city, not a buy-to-sell trader," said architect Ngo Viet Nam Son from Ngo Viet Group.
Inappropriate compensation was also why resettlement buildings were abandoned in Hanoi, he said.
Many land clearance projects have been lagging behind schedule. Since residents see no progress in construction, they refuse to leave their old homes to move into the resettlement houses.
It is hard for residents to part with their land for a place far from the main road, not to mention giving up their business locations while their children must travel long distances to attend school.
According to the regulations of Hanoi People’s Committee, residents can receive financial compensation instead of a resettlement apartment if they opt for that option.
The department will withdraw the unclaimed apartments for other projects that will need resettlement.
In 2017, Urban Management Office retrieved 41 apartments because residents chose to receive compensation instead.