The liquidity of the banking system has risen recently, helping cool interbank interest rates.
|The average overnight interest rate in the trading session ending last week was 0.92 per cent per year, against 1.21 per cent in May. - Photo cafef.vn |
According to the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV), the average overnight interest rate in the trading session ending last week was only 0.92 per cent per year, against 1.21 per cent in May. The rate for one-week loans was 1.16 per cent, compared with 1.35 per cent in May.
The good liquidity was thanks to a large amount of money the SBV pumped into the market through the purchase of US dollars from commercial banks.
In a recent money market report, Saigon Securities Incorporation (SSI) reported about 75 per cent of foreign currency sales contracts have expired to date this year and the remaining contracts will expire in August. Accordingly, the SBV will have to pump about VND157 trillion into the market to buy foreign currency.
According to SSI's estimates, commercial banks sold a foreign currency amount of nearly US$7 billion with a 6-month term to the SBV at the beginning of this year.
A recent report of Vietcombank Securities Company (VCBS) also stated that the liquidity of the banking system in this period is expected to be more abundant than in the previous quarter when the SBV purchases the dollars following the expiry date of foreign currency contracts.
According to VCBS, the bright spot at this time continues to come from the fact that capital flows choose Viet Nam as an investment destination with the registered and disbursed FDI capital still on an increasing trend.
The Government’s target of stabilising inflation is being met, and there is still room for controlling inflation.
These factors would help increase interbank liquidity, thereby bringing interest rates down again in August, VCBS said.
While the liquidity of the banking system is abundant, lending is showing signs of slowing down due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, with many cities and provinces having to implement social distancing measures.
According to a report of the SBV’s HCM City branch, credit last month only increased by about 0.56 per cent compared to the previous month. The average credit increase in the previous months was more than 1 per cent. The city's total outstanding loans at the end of July was estimated at VND2.69 quadrillion, up 6.2 per cent compared to the end of 2020.
The deposit growth at the city’s banks in the period also showed signs of slowing. The total mobilised capital of banks in the city at the end of July was estimated at more than VND3.02 quadrillion, up only 0.5 per cent compared to the previous month and 4 per cent compared to the end of 2020.
As the latest outbreak of COVID-19 is causing many difficulties for production and business, SSI believes the SBV would continue to maintain the current monetary policy in the direction of supporting growth and firms.
“The monetary policy might be continually loosened if the pandemic becomes more complicated and lasts longer than expected,” SSI noted.