A new survey reveals that a large number of textile and footwear enterprises have been fined by some brands for late deliveries in 2021 and new orders for 2022 were suspended or reduced in quantity.
|68.1 per cent of textile and footwear businesses are subject to fine for late delivery |
The data is provided by Do Quynh Chi, director of Research Center for Employment Relations (ERC) at the virtual webinar on textile and footwear businesses. The survey covers 256 textile and garment enterprises as well as 300 industry workers.
Due to the impact of the fourth wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, manufacturing hubs in the southern region fell into hibernation mode for 10 weeks. Therefore, 17 industrial parks in Ho Chi Minh City are only operating at 26.4 per cent of capacity. Meanwhile, the shortage of workers and the reduced capacity has seriously affected the progress of order delivery.
The survey reveals that 68.1 per cent of businesses were fined by brands for slow delivery. Meanwhile, 12.2 per cent of businesses have to pay compensation and suffer order cancellations. Around 21 per cent of businesses said that their orders are canceled by brands but they do not have to make compensation.
A number of foreign brands have cancelled contracts with Vietnamese suppliers and move orders to China or Indonesia. However, there are some brands agree to extend delivery schedule for businesses which can cover air freight costs up to hundreds of billions of dong.
Even so, some long-standing brands still appreciate Vietnam's advantages in terms of production speed, efficiency, labour quality, and geopolitical position. Thus, the brands are committed to long-term cooperation relationships with Vietnamese suppliers.
It is worth noting that orders for the new season of 2022 have been suspended or reduced in quantity. Large consumer markets for textiles and footwear products such as the US or the EU are recovering well and entering the year-end shopping season. And to keep up with the Christmas season as well as the new year of 2022, businesses think that they are forced to use air transportation at a very high cost.
However, what is more worrying for businesses of these two industries is the shortage of workers. Workers in the textile and footwear industry have been severely affected in terms of psychology, health, and economy during the pandemic. The survey shows that over 60 per cent of migrant workers want to return to their hometown or have already returned home, mainly for a short time to restore their health and life.
However, there is a favourable signal that 89 per cent of migrant workers and 96 per cent of local workers want to continue working at the current factory. Without active support measures, it will take 3-5 months for migrant workers to return to the textile and footwear factories.